Minimalisme in die Kunswêreld.

Die vorige blog oor diè onderwerp het gehandel oor foto’s wat deur die fotograaf self as minimalisties geklassifiseer is. In hierdie blog kyk ons na kunswerke anders as foto’s (een foto) met die verskil dat die kunswerke wat hieronder geplaas word deur kunskenners as die heel beste minimalistiese kunswerke beskou word. Sommiges is drie-dimensionele werke maar meeste is skilderye.

Algemene opmerkings

Heelwat van die beginsels wat in fotografie gebruik word het hul oorsprong in die kunswêreld. Dit is ook die geval met minimalisme in fotografie.

Minimalisme is ‘n baie groot onderwerp waaroor baie gepubliseer is. Die bespreking wat volg is ‘n baie beperkte illustrasie van die onderwerp en die skrywer maak glad nie aanspraak daarop dat alle aspekte aangeraak word nie. Die menigs wat uitgespreek word is ook nie diè van die skrywer nie maar van die persoon wat die werke ge-evalueer het.

Om nut uit die blog te kry is dit belangrik dat die teks wat vooraf en by elke werk aangebied word gelees moet word.

‘n Verskil wat in gedagte gehou kan word is dat die kunstenaar wat met verf kwas werk meer vryheid het met die manier waarop hy sy onderwerp benader en aanbied.

Minimalisme is ‘n kunsvorm wat wyd loop en deur die jare tot groot omstredenheid gelei het. Selfs die verskillende omskrywings verskil grootliks.

 

Famous Minimalist Art That Defined the Genre

Grace Ignacia See en op 6 Junie 2019 gepubliseer.

Grace See se omskrywing van minimalisme lui as volg:

Minimalism as a genre occupies various forms of expression across art, design, music, and literature. Developed in the United States in the 1960s, it surfaced as a reaction to Abstract Expressionism. Minimalist artists sought to move away from the expressive characteristics of Abstract Expressionism as they felt those works to be too excessive and emotional, and that they detracted from the essence of art itself. Minimalist artists, in complete contrast, were composed of simple lines and forms. All the elements of expression, biography, complex subjects, and social agendas are removed, leaving viewers to interpret their works for what they are - a purified form of beauty and truth.

Iemand anders stel dit as volg: Several important characteristics identify Minimalist Art. One of the most common is repetition, or creating multiple images of the same shape, especially simple geometric forms like lines and squares.

Nog ‘n omskrywing: “Minimalism is humble, plain and relies on the viewer to make the interpretation and meaning. Void of detail, minimalism expresses the bare necessity in form, value, shape, line and texture. It’s been often called bare”

Gevolgtrekking

‘n Gevolgtrekking word aan die leser oorgelaat. Lesers kan, as hulle wil, hul gevolgtrekking as ‘n kommentaar plaas.

 Untitled. Dan Flavin

 

     Untitled. Dan Flavin

 

Flavin explored the artistic possibilities of fluorescent light, limiting his practice to commercially available materials. Rejecting the aforementioned notions of Abstract Expressionism, he took to using such hardware and inserted them into the world of high art. Incredibly straightforward, this work also embodies a deep sophistication.

Flavin’s light works wash walls with colors and go beyond the space they inhabit. They also go beyond their sculptural entity to bathe visitors in warm and artificial glows, creating experiences around them. (Dit wil voorkom asof die kunswerk in die hoek van die kamer uitgestal is en dat net die vertikale en horisontale fluoresserende lyne/konstruksies die kunswerk vorm)

 

     Agnes Martin. With my back to the world (1997)

 

Agnes Martin made works that were non-representational, yet their titles highlighted a strong allure to nature. Martin was known for the grid work in her paintings that blend together Minimalism and Colour Field. She used these grids as an organizational element to her works, creating infinite variations of calming canvases with subtle colors.

 

   Ellsworth Kelly. Red Yellow Blue II (1953)

 

“Through a rigorous study of abstraction, his paintings and sculptures went on to develop Minimalism as a whole. The ‘Red Yellow Blue’ series affected the course of color-field painting and was created as Kelly began to “uncover the nearly infinite possibilities of monochrome, color spectrum, chance ordering, and multi-panel composition.”

Two blue panels unify the sequence on both ends, underlining Kelly’s understanding of composition.

 

                         Frank Stella. Die Fahne Hoch (1959)

 

A painter, sculptor, and printmaker, Frank Stella is considered to be one of the most influential living American artists. His striped works and monumental prints revolutionized artistic practices in relation to not only Minimalism but also Abstraction. Whilst he cites abstract artists such as Pollock and Kline as his influences, he grew to become one of the founding fathers of Minimalism.

 

                   Judy Chicago. Rainbow Pickett (1965)

 

By creating works that test the limits of color through her self-designed diagrams and spatial patterning, Judy Chicago grew to be known as a pioneering Minimal and Feminist artist

Created for her first solo show at the Rolf Nelson Gallery in Los Angeles in January 1966, Rainbow Pickett is a room-sized sculptural installation composed of six trapezoids of different colors and lengths. 

 

                     Eva Hesse, Untitled (Rope Piece) (1970)

 

A German-born American sculptor, Eva Hesse is best-known for her pioneering work in latex, fiberglass, and plastic. She is also known as one of the artists who ushered in the post-minimal art movements in the 1960s. In the spirit of Minimalism, Hesse’s practice explored how the simplest of materials could be used to exemplify much more. Standing out from the traditional neatness of Minimalism, it is through its modes of composition that allows it to be perceived within the genre. 

 

Brilliant Examples of Minimal Art

In die voorafgaande afdeling is werke vertoon wat deur kenners uitgesoek is as verteenwoordigend van die beste voorbeelde van minimalisme. In die afdeling wat volg word werke vertoon wat in die handel aangebied word as minimalisties van aard. (Die titel van die afdeling is diè van die samesteller van die betrokke webwerf waaruit die voorbeelde geneem is.)

We’ve previously described Minimalism as a perspective that “less is more.” We don’t mean that there’s less going on in minimal art, or that there’s less to enjoy, but that minimal art does more with less. A great work of minimal art stands apart as something specific that can be appreciated by anyone at any time in any context simply for what it is.

 

         Susan Cantrick.

 

This acrylic painting on linen is one of 8 medium-scale paintings that Cantrick produced for her 2012 series based on the prose poem "The Pebble" by Francis Ponge.  

The parallel between the poem and the paintings has to do with the physical disintegration of an aggregate and its consequences for the integrity of the disintegrated object. The largest of the paintings, a diptych that evolved from a photo taken from a window in the artist’s studio, served as a matrix that Cantrick digitally deconstructed and reconstructed into studies for the 8 paintings on linen as well as a series of small-scale mixed-media works on paper. 

 

                      Frank Stella.

 

The painter Frank Stella is another minimal artist who explored the practice of shaped canvases. Stella’s Harran II is a shaped work that depicts a series of brightly colored arcs contained within a series of squares and arched triangles. Today this work is iconic among Stella’s oeuvre. It perfectly depicts what has come to be considered his signature visual language: cut out, brightly colored shapes joined with other shapes. But prior to working with shaped canvases, Stella made an even more profound contribution to Minimalism with his so-called black paintings, which depicted black lines in a geometric pattern. His work has been called “The holy grail of minimalism”

 

                       Brent Hallard - Knot. (Pink) 2015

 

An excellent example of the hard edge can be found in the work of the contemporary American artist Brent Hallard. Hallard’s work continues the Minimalist conversation by exploring geometry through monochromatic colors, exactitude and precision. 

 

 

Nog voorbeelde

 

 

 

 

Minimalisme in die handel.

Does and did minimalism make an impact? For artists yes, for rich art collectors a chance to own a piece of art history (even if they didn’t understand what the art piece was all about).

 

                           Untitled (1961) Mart Rothko. Verkoop vir $28 miljoen

 

                          White Fire. Barnett. Verkoop vir $3,8 miljoen.

 

                           Green White. Ellsworth Kelly. $1,6 miljoen.

 

      Foto deur Andreas Gurskysale. Verkoop vir $4,3 miljoen.

 

Why so much?
And if you want to own a piece of this history be prepared to pay big! Minimalism represents a cultural change. Today there are many spin offs, in the 60’s and early 70’s they were pioneers. Love, hate it, don’t understand it… minimalism is a breath of fresh air in a complicated world especially in the 60‘s when the style peaked and art, music and culture was reinvented. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Comment by Rika Schoeman on February 18, 2020 at 2:11pm

Josef, baie dankie vir 'n baie interessante kyk na minimalisme. Ek wil net noem dat sommige foto's op my rekenaar nie sigbaar is nie, en ek weet nie hoekom nie?

Die gevolgtrekking wat ek maak uit al die inligting, is dat die idee van minimalisme oop is vir interpretasie, en dat dit is soos die Afrikaanse spreekwoord lui: "Soveel, hoofde, soveel sinne"

Dit was twee insiggewende blogs, baie dankie daarvoor!

Comment by Josef Steyn on February 17, 2020 at 5:01pm

Adriaan, ek beskou my nie as 'n kenner op die gebied nie. Jy gaan van verskillende mense verskillende antwoorde kry en dit sal ook afhang van die definisie wat gebruik word. Op 'n skaal wat wissel van 'definitief' tot 'glad nie' sal ek hom iewers in die middel, effe meer na die 'definitiewe' kant plaas.

Comment by Adriaan Loots on February 17, 2020 at 4:48pm

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